Rheumatoid arthritis

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Rheumatoid arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis is a systemic immune disease that repeats. The length of illness varies, sometimes it does not heal for a lifetime, and sometimes it suddenly develops. The majority of patients are women over the age of 40. Rheumatoid arthritis usually affects joint parts, such as small joints and large joints, and upper limb joints are the more commonly affected parts.

Symptom

  • When I wake up in the morning, the joints are particularly stiff and need to be active for 30 minutes before they get better. This situation will last for more than six weeks.
  • The limbs (especially the small joints of the hands and feet, symmetrical on both sides) are red, swollen, hot and painful. Severe disease can cause muscle atrophy and joint deformation.
  • Rheumatoid factor was found in blood tests.

Causes

Rheumatoid arthritis is usually hereditary. The cause of the disease is due to impaired autoimmunity, inflammation of the synovial membrane of the joints during the attack, and destruction of the cartilage and bone tissue in the joints.

Self-treatment of

rest and nutritious diet can help control the condition.

Treatment of

rheumatoid arthritis does not cure, the first treatment reduces pain and damage and maintains its normal function.
  • Medications 
    Regardless of the type of arthritis, inflammation is still treated with drugs. From aspirin to non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and steroids, although it can reduce the effects of pain, stiffness, and inflammation, when taken for a long time, However, it may cause some side effects, such as gastrointestinal disorders such as tinnitus, gastric ulcer, stomach bleeding or gastric perforation, insomnia, etc. Patients should be aware of it. When there is any discomfort, they should immediately inform the doctor to reduce the dose or change the drug. Remember not to take the medicine yourself will delay the condition.
  • Surgical treatment 
    If the joint is severely deformed and the drug fails, the doctor will use the replacement artificial joint to treat it.
Complications
If you don't get a doctor's test early, the complications caused by rheumatoid arthritis are not serious, such as subcutaneous nodules, dryness syndrome, pulmonary fibrosis, nitrogen-like powderosis, proteinuria, vasculitis. Serious conditions can worsen the blood respiratory system, nervous system, and heart.

prevention
  • Normal diet food should be taken of moderate light, may make up a multivitamins A,C,D, E or containing calcium, iron, copper, zinc, selenium and other minerals food groups in order to enhance immunity and tissue oxygenation or preventing anemia.
  • In the cold winter, keep warm; when you have joint pain, you can try a hot bath to relieve pain.
  • Check with your doctor regularly and inform your doctor if you notice any of the above symptoms.

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