Malignant Bone Tumor

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Malignant Bone Tumor


Bone cancer is a bone tumor that can occur in bone cells, bone hematopoietic components, cartilage, and fibrous or synovial components. The pathological types of bone cancer include multiple myeloma, osteosarcoma, chondrosarcoma, fibrosarcoma, and esculent sarcoma, but the most common malignant osteomatosis is cancer metastasis to the bone, especially in the vertebrae and pelvis. Bone cancer is prone to occur in young people between the ages of 12 and 20, especially in primary osteoma; in people aged 50 to 60, it is more common in malignant metastatic cancer.

Symptom

  • Loss of appetite, weight loss, fever.
  • Pain in the affected area, local swelling, and swelling in the joints and limbs.
  • The joints and limb movements of the affected area are restricted.
  • The skin of the affected area is ulcerated.
  • There is numbness in the distal part of the affected limb if the tumor compresses the nerve vessels.
  • A pathological fracture or deformation has occurred.
  • Bone pain sometimes pains at night.

Cause 

still not very clear, but may be related to the following factors:
  • Skeletal hyperplasia.
  • Chronic inflammatory response.
  • Metabolic problems.
  • genetic factors.
  • Infection with a special virus.
  • The blood flow in the bone is not smooth.
  • Radiation and other factors.

treatment

  • Surgical treatment can be performed, including simple resection, removal, and bone grafting or amputation.
  • Radiation therapy: The use of low or high doses depends on the patient.
  • Chemotherapy: The use of drugs to inhibit tumor growth, generally in conjunction with radiation exposure and surgical treatment. However, due to the side effects of toxicity and other normal cells, it is necessary to determine the treatment policy according to the patient's condition.
  • Radiation and surgery combined treatment: the effect is very good, a bone cancer that is less sensitive to radiation can be treated with radiation first, then radical surgery or amputation surgery. For primary osteosarcoma, it is not possible to directly remove the surgery. It is necessary to perform a certain course of treatment with a chemical drug before performing surgery.

Preventive 

no immediate prevention.

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